Spectrum Sharing in Satellite Bands
Radio spectrum is the raw material of the modern connected economy. Today, all usable spectrum is assigned for one purpose or another. However, there is more and more demand for wireless systems, such as 5G and Next-G, and thus more demand for the spectrum. In some bands, existing spectrum users share their spectrum with other users when they are not using it. This is the concept of dynamic spectrum sharing. Legacy spectrum sharing techniques, such as those used in the Citizen Broadband Radio Service (CBRS) band, have been effective. However, as we proceed to share even more spectrum where there are complex spectrum operations, especially satellite bands, more sophisticated sharing and dynamic policies are needed. Spectrum sharing in these bands is more complex due to passive incumbents, fades due to rainfall and other environmental effects, the inability to move incumbents, and the often-critical nature and high sensitivity of the incumbent's application.
This project proposes to create a holistic, multi-disciplinary, context-aware spectrum sharing approach to address the spectrum coexistence of broadband wireless systems in satellite bands. Such an approach will enable more effective sharing, allowing the new applications promised by 5G and Beyond, while at the same time providing more protection for legacy applications such as satellite communication, weather forecasting, positioning, and radio astronomy.
The proposed research will result in following key technical innovations:
Context-aware spectrum sharing and interference analysis tools for developing policy recommendations
Design, development and implementation of a prioritization approach for context-aware dynamic spectrum sharing
Interference-resilient context-aware PHY layer to enable robust and seamless adaptation of user quality of service to meet the demands under varying contextual factors
Simulation and experimental demonstrations, to assess, validate, and demonstrate proposed policies as well as their implementation using various framework features and algorithms. Experimentation will occur in the 12 GHz band using Virginia Tech’s Fixed Satellite Service facility
This project is generously supported by the National Science Foundation under Award # 2128584. Link: https://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=2128584
 Hassan, Z., Heeren-Moon, E., Sabzehali, J., Shah, V. K., Dietrich, C., Reed, J. H., & Burger, E. W. (2023). Spectrum Sharing of the 12 GHz Band with Two-way Terrestrial 5G Mobile Services: Motivations, Challenges, and Research Road Map. IEEE Communications Magazine. Link: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/10082864
 Niloy T. R., Hassan Z., Stephenson N., and Shah, V. K., "Interference Analysis of Coexisting 5G Networks and NGSO FSS Receivers in the 12 GHz Band," in IEEE Wireless Communications Letters, doi: 10.1109/LWC.2023.3281769. Link: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/10139318